All members of the faculty are actively engaged in research, which has resulted in the publication of a large number of books, reports, and research papers in different fields of sociology. The fieldwork tradition, as well as a comparative perspective, so assiduously cultivated by Prof. M.N. Srinivas, have been kept alive both by members of the faculty and Ph.D. students. Studies have been published or prepared on community power structures, local-level politics, trade unions, co-operatives, textual and contextual studies of Hinduism, religious symbolism, family and kinship, and social and religious movements. Studies have also been conducted in the fields of stratification, gender, environment, the sociology of development, historical sociology, urban sociology, and medical sociology. The sociology of masculinity, demography, popular culture, education, migration, the sociology of violence and documentary practices of the state are some of the new areas that faculty members are working on at present. The Department has also undertaken several research projects during the last four and a half decades. Several faculty members are involved in international research projects and in preparing surveys of research and teaching in the discipline for bodies like the ICSSR.
Since 1994-95 a system of continuous internal evaluation has been introduced, where the marks of one tutorial essay submitted in each course are counted towards the final examination. As attendance at post-graduate lectures is optional, in conformity with university guidelines, to ensure academic rigour by introducing CIE, for which attendance is compulsory. Twenty-five percent of the marks secured by a student in each of the 16 courses studied during the two-year span are based on performance in tutorial assignments. The annual examination in each course carries 75 marks.
The Department has introduced a system of individual advisors for students admitted under the reserved categories. The system is entirely voluntary on the part of both students and teachers. The advisor helps the student by providing individual guidance on books to read, correction of written work, etc.